Just like any other animal, diseases in chickens is the common factor that you need to take seriously if you are raising chicken at home. It is up to the fowl owner to protect their chickens from common diseases and treat them when they are affected.
Common Diseases in Chickens
1. Aspergillosis – this is a disease in chicken caused by fungi. This particular disease is stubborn to control because the disease causing fungus is in the air. The disease is mostly as a result of spoiled food. For this reason, the fowl owner should make a point to ensure that the food is fresh and clean.
2. Avian Influenza – this chicken disease is synonymous with the widely known bird flu. This disease can spread fast since other types of birds are also affected. The best way to deal with it is through vaccination.
3. Botulism – caused by bacteria known as Clostridium bostulium, this is a deadly chicken disease. The disease causes death through slow paralysis. The best treatment method is anti-toxin injection and quickly disposing dead birds. Though it can be controlled, the surviving birds will still be at risk of being affected by the disease.
4. Coccidiosis –this chicken disease is caused by parasites. Albeit not as serious as other types of common diseases in chickens, it can prove to be a hard nut to crack when it comes to treatment. The disease causing parasite is found in the chicken’s intestines and can easily and quickly spread to other birds in the flock. The poultry industry suffers major losses as a result of this disease. The best form of treatment is through administering sulpha drugs. It should however be kept in mind that an overdose of these drugs is toxic to chickens.
4. Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro) – this is a highly contagious chicken disease. This disease is viral and mostly affects young chickens. If not treated fast, it can lead to heavy losses. Vaccines are the best types of treatment to deal with this disease. In prevention, poultry coops should be kept warm, dry and plenty of water should be given.
5. Mycoplasmas – these are as a result of bacteria and cause symptoms similar to bronchitis. Without proper and fast treatment, the chicken dies. The disease does not spread fast and there is a high chance of survival and recovery. The best treatment approach is through administering antibiotics soon as the chickens exhibit any symptoms of the disease. A warm dry environment will keep this disease away.
Tips to Keep Away Diseases in Chickens
Most importantly, the best way to prevent diseases in chicken is to ensure that the environment they live in is clean. The hen house should be dry and warm. Ensure that the foods you give to your chickens are clean and palatable. Clean the hen house often and when at it, do not forget to clean all the feeding equipment.
The chicken coop should be spacious and you should separate any bird that shows any sign of illness. Have your chickens vaccinated to prevent any complications in future. After all, prevention is better than cure, so you need to learn diseases in chickens to keep them in healthy conditions.